Castles and noble mansions, olive groves and beaches as far as the eye can see, a Petrified Forest and bird-rich wetlands, the land of the sardine and ouzo… and much more situated in the north-east Aegean, poised between Anatolia and the west, this was the birthplace of the poets Sappho and Alcaeus, the naïf painter Theophilos and the novelist Myrivilis.
Greece’s third-largest island possesses a rare natural beauty, architectural marvels, a petrified forest, mediaeval fortress towns and a Mediterranean climate. Olive trees carpet much of its surface, which is indented by two deep, almost closed, fish-filled bays. Other attractions include bustling traditional villages, beaches that stretch for miles, ouzo distilleries to visit and exquisite delicacies to accompany your drink. These are just some of the treats awaiting you on this fascinating island that Nobel laureate Odysseus Elytis compared to a “plane-tree leaf that someone threw into the sea”.
What to do in Lesvos.
Start your visit at Mitilene, the main port and biggest town, and from there cross to the north-east coast to check out Molyvos and Petra. Then head west to Eressos and Sigri, to see the Petrified Forest, before moving south to Plomari, where the ouzo factories are, and swinging inland to the mountain village of Agiassos. That’s Lesvos in a nutshell but we’ve left out the beaches, the spas, bird watching in the wetlands, the long leisurely feasts of local seafood and some of the most breathtaking views in the Aegean.
The island’s cultural and commercial hub.
The true capital of Lesvos and a magnet for visitors in the eastern Aegean, Mitilene displays its handsome old buildings along the waterfront with the impressive church of Agios Therapon as the centrepiece. All of this is crowned by the franko-Byzantine castle rising out of a pine wood on the hill behind. As the hub of the island’s cultural and business life, Mitilene offers a myriad ways to spend your time: whether looking at sights like the ancient theatre, Ottoman baths, the mosque; exploring streets lined with wonderful neoclassical buildings with an Anatolian flavour; or tracking down rare treasures in the archaeological museum, the teriade collection of modern masters, the Theophilos museum, libraries, galleries and folklore exhibitions.
Molyvos, castle town by the Aegean Sea
Molyvos can rival the most beautiful mediaeval fortress towns in Europe, while its only peer in Greece is Monemvasia, in the Peloponnese and like it, its houses grip the sides of a steep rock while turning their gaze to the Mediterranean. The structure and layout of the town and its 13th-century Genoese castle remain unchanged over the course of centuries. as you stroll up and down its alleyways, note the stone houses and the Anatolian-style mansions with their brightly coloured doors and windows and enclosed wooden balconies, as well as the elegant Turkish fountains scattered throughout.
The Petrified forest.
A rare phenomenon there are very few places in the world where you can see trees lying where they fell millions of years ago. Take the time to visit the ‘park’, which was declared a protected natural monument in 1985, and the adjacent museum, where you’ll learn about the island’s intriguing geology. this attraction is worth a visit during your holidays on the island.
The muse of the arts and letters over the centuries.
Lesvos has given birth to an astounding number of brilliant Greek intellectuals. starting with Arion, Terpander, Theophrastos, Alcaeus and Sappho in antiquity, it also inspired Theophilos, novelists Ilias Venezis and Stratis Myrivilis, artist Georgios Iakovidis, art critic and publisher teriade, and even claims Nobel laureate Odysseus Elytis as a native son, whose family hailed from the island. The Kalloni wetlands, a birders’ paradise more than 252 species of birds find refuge in the Kalloni wetlands. not surprisingly, it ranks among Europe’s ten most important habitats for avian diversity and rarity.
Thermal springs of Eftalou’s
This Island in the north Aegean is home to natural wonder, between the brushwood-covered rocks – geological sculptures emerging from the sea – can be found the thermal waters of Eftalou. The water from the spring emerges from underwater springs at a temperature of 43.6-46.5 degrees Celsius and is renowned for its therapeutic.
The sacrifice of the bull
A pagan holdover from ancient times, this island ritual is still enacted every July in the village of Agia Paraskevi. A healthy bull is decorated with wreaths of flowers and finery before being sacrificed and then cooked and eaten, amid parades on horseback, dancing and feasting for three days. Visit Lesvos – Hotel Defkalion – Petra Lesvos